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Inside Spinal Pelvic Stabilizer Research
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A series of well-referenced and illustrated papers on topics of clinical interest to licensed healthcare professionals. This series covers a variety of musculo skeletal conditions and offers generalized recommendations for patient examination, evaluation, and care. Adjunctive modalities -- such as orthotics, cervical support pillows, and rehabilitation equipment -- are also discussed and recommended in a non-specific context.


bullet77% of Participants Improve Body Balance By Wearing Foot Levelers Spinal Pelvic Stabilizers
bulletResearch and Survey Results Prove Foot Levelers’ Spinal Pelvic Stabilizers Help Golfers
bulletExcessive Pronation and The Spine (Vol. 16, No 6)
bulletStandard Protocols for Treating Leg Length Inequality
bulletResearch Confirms Foot Levelers Orthotics Improve Alignment, Function, Performance, Gait & Reduce Fatigue
bulletArches and Orthotic Support
bulletProprioception, Alignment, Performance, and Foot Levelers: A Winning Formula
bulletSacroiliac Subluxations and Low Back Pain
bulletRepetitive Microtraumas and Chronic Low Back Pain
bulletExcessive Pronation and the Spine (Updated)
bulletLow Back Pain? Check the Feet 3/04
bulletPatient Communication: Three Easy Steps 2/04
bulletLow Back Pain and Orthotic Support 1/04
bulletUnbalanced Feet Can Cause Spinal Instability 12/03
bulletWalking: The Effects on the Spine 10/03
bulletLeg Length Inequality and Proprioception 09/03
bulletPosture Starts from the Ground Up 08/03
bulletEvery Shoe Has a Story to Tell
bulletEnhancing Chiropractic Care at an Accelerated Pace 04/03
bulletOrthotics and Their Effect on Muskuloskeletal Stability 02/03


Bibliographic Reference

Simplified Proved Finding

Publish Date

Woodward SP, Ball KA. Leg Length Inequality Case Study; Three-Dimensional Movement Analysis of the Effects of Foot Orthotics and Heel Lift. J Chiropractic Ed Mar 2003

It was found in a small trial that with human subjects that optimal time to make a balance measurement using this scale is around 20 seconds.


Kuhn DR,Smasl S, Pappas A, Nosco D. Radiographic Evaluation of the Effect of Orthotics on the Unlevel Pelvis. J Chiropractic Ed Mar 2003

The use of custom-made orthotics demonstrated a normalizing effect on pelvic measurement in 20/35 subjects.


Dennis Nosco, Ph.D., Jeff Birkenmeier, B.S., Steve Costantino, B.S., and Raymond A. Wiegand, D.C. Validation of a Bilateral Weight Scale as an Assessment Tool in a Chiropractic Research Laboratory. Logan College of Chiropractic

Recipient of Logan's Research Study of the Year award in 2003.


Kuhn DR, Cherry A, Golab M, Rodgers S. Immediate changes in the quadriceps femoris angle after insertion of an orthotic device. J Manip Physiol Ther September 2002 • Volume 25 • Number 7 • p465 to p470

Some painful knee disorders can be controlled or corrected using Foot Levelers orthotics.


Kevin Arthur Ball, PhDa, Margaret J. Afheldtb. Evolution of foot orthotics–part 1: Coherent theory or coherent practice? Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics February 2002 • Volume 25 • Number 2 • p116 to p124

The use of foot orthoses is well documented for the treatment of many maladies. Successes have been documented with custom-made flexible orthotic designs that emphasize the 3 natural arches of the foot.


Kevin Arthur Ball, PhDa, Margaret J. Afheldtb Evolution of foot orthotics–part 2: Research reshapes long-standing theory. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics February 2002 • Volume 25 • Number 2 • p125 to p134

Subtalar neutral casting is unreliable and not valid. Support for weight bearing casting. Evidence suggests that proprioceptive influences play a large, unexplored role in biomechanics.


Stude DE, Gullickson J. Effects of orthotic intervention and nine holes of simulated golf on gait in experienced golfers. J Manip Physiol Ther

Foot Levelers orthotics reduce fatigue and dramatically improve pelvic rotation and stride length, having a positive influence on whole-body activities.


Stude DE, Gullickson J. Effects of orthotic intervention and nine holes of simulated golf on club-head velocity in experienced golfers. J Manip Physiol Ther 2000; 23(3):168-174.

Golfers can hit farther (up to 15 yards) and significantly reduce fatigue wearing Foot Levelers stabilizing orthotics.


Kuhn DR, Shibley NJ, Austin WM, Yochum TR. Radiographic evaluation of weight bearing orthotics and their effect on flexible pes planus. J Manip Physiol Ther 1999; 22(4):221-226.

Weight-bearing casting and subsequent development of Foot Levelers custom orthotics can help people with flexible flat feet improve structural alignment.


Stude DE, Brink DK. Effects of nine holes of simulated golf and orthotic intervention on balance and proprioception in experienced golfers. J Manip Physiol Ther 1997; 20(9):590-601.

Balance and proprioception are improved using Foot Levelers stabilizing orthotics.


Austin WM. Shin splints with underlying posterior tendinitis: A case report. J Sports Chiro and Rehab 1996;10(4).

Correcting faulty biomechanics with Foot Levelers orthotics provides a difference in long term relief from symptoms.


Yochum TR, Barry MS. Bone marrow edema caused by altered pedal biomechanics. J Manip Physiol Ther 1997; 20(1):56-59.

Foot Levelers custom orthotics prescribed to specifically address foot pronation.





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